Maple Trees are one of the most common species found throughout Ohio. The three most common types are the Red, Silver and Sugar varieties - all of which produce sap and maple sugar, and are valued commercially for their wood. Below are some facts to know about these three types of Maple Tree:
1. Red Maple (Acer rubrum) - Photos: http://forestry.ohiodnr.gov/redmaple
Red Maples can grow in just about any soil conditions, but they prefer moist to wet soil.
Mature trees can reach 70 feet in height with a 40-foot spread.
The Red Maple has soft wood compared to the Silver and Sugar
Red Maples are aptly named because of their red buds and flowers in the spring, red twigs in winter, and red foliage in fall.
The Red Maple’s bark is brown and gray in color, and forms deep ridges as it matures.
Red Maples are unique in that a single tree can have both male and female flowers.
2. Silver Maple (Acer saccharinum) - Photos: http://forestry.ohiodnr.gov/silvermaple
Typically found in moist woodlands, the Silver Maple is also a common shade tree in developed areas.
The Silver Maple gets its name from the gray-silver underside of its leaves, which appear to shimmer in the wind.
A fast grower, the Silver Maple produces hard, brittle wood, and can grow to a mature height of 80 feet.
This tree has upright branching that becomes more dense with maturity.
The Silver Maple is a generally healthy tree but is susceptible to storm damage because of its brittle wood.
3. Sugar Maple (Acer saccharum) - Photos: http://forestry.ohiodnr.gov/sugarmaple
The ‘hardest’ of the three Maples, the Sugar is also known as “hard rock” because of its dense wood.
It’s a slow-grower, which accounts for the hardness of its wood. As a result, timber from the Suger Maple brings the highest price.
The Sugar Maple also has the highest concentration of sugar, and is more commonly used to produce syrup than the Red or Silver Maple.
Known for its oval shape, the Sugar Maple can grow to heights of 80’ and makes for a good shade tree.
Its foliage ranges in fall color, and can often boast multiple colors at the same time.
Ripley Tree Service provides expert care for the entire lifecycle of your trees. We’re an independent, family business with 3 arborists on staff, serving Northeast Ohio since 2001.